OVERHAND KNOT: This one is easy … just bitter end over and under the bight. The overhand is used as a temporary stopper to prevent a rope from unraveling or passing through a ring, eye, or pulley. It’s also We starting point for other knots, including the reefor square-knot
 FIGURE-EIGHT KNOT: The figure eight is a better stopper knot than the overhand, because it’s easier to untie after the rope has been pulled tight. Just form a bight with the working end over the standing part … run the bitter end under the standing part to form a second bight … then put the bitter end through the first bight. The result looks like a sideways numeral 8.